The two vine branches with great bunches of grapes sculpted in this door lintel are a reminder of the vineyards that flourished in the Hauran region during the Roman period. The mineral-rich soil of this region, formed by disintegrating basalt, is especially well suited to vine growing. The region had two other assets that were necessary for viticulture: the forest had been cleared by this time and the mountains would have been terraced. In the houses of Hauran villages, archaeologists have found great quantities of grape seeds and underground cellars full of large storage jars. The courtyards contained screw operated winepresses, surrounded by settling tanks. The wine production of southern Syria was well-known in the rest of the Empire and exported there.
Site: SOUTHERN SYRIA
Date: 195 AD
Item Dimensions: 100 110 x 40 x 27 cm
As Suwayda National Museum (2011) – SUWEIDA MUSEUM 162/313
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, We welcome any additional information you might have.