Head Of The Goddess Tyche


The Goddess Tyche wearing the walls of the city on her head like a crown.

Tyche (/ˈtki/Ancient Greek: Τύχη Túkhē, ‘Luck’, Ancient Greek[tý.kʰɛː]Modern Greek[ˈti.çi]Roman equivalent: Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity who governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. In Classical Greek mythology, she is the daughter of Aphrodite and Zeus or Hermes. The Greek historian Polybius believed that when no cause can be discovered to events such as floods, droughts, frosts, or even in politics, then the cause of these events may be fairly attributed to Tyche. Other ancient Greek sources corroborate Polybius, such as Pindar who claims Tyche could hand victory to a lesser athlete.

Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, many cities including Palmyra venerated their own Tychai, specific iconic versions of the original Tyche. This practice was continued in the iconography of Roman art, even into the Christian period, often as sets of the greatest cities of the empire.

  • Material: Soft Yellow Limestone.

  • Date: C 1st – 2ed Century AD

  • Item Dimensions:  C H. 34 cm x 22 cm

  • Excavated from: Palmyra- Eastern Valley Of The Tombs 1931

  • Archaeological Mission:

  • Archaeological Museum Of Palmyra – 2011

Excavation Site Location

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  • Giannopoulou, V. (1999). “Divine Agency and “Tyche” in Euripides’ “Ion”: Ambiguity and Shifting Perspectives”. Illinois Classical Studies. 24/25: 257–271. JSTOR 23065371.

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