Coin with the effigy of Zenobia

After the death of king Odainat in AD 267, Queen Zenobia continued her husband’s work. She was so successful that in AD 270 she led her army into Egypt and then turned her attention towards Anatolia. But Aurelian, the Roman emperor, struck back and forced her to retrieve to Palmyra; he lay siege to the city and captured it in August AD 272. Zenobia was taken prisoner and, depending on the author, either died in captivity or was paraded in chains at Aurelian’s triumph in Rome and then was exiled to Trivoli or beheaded. Legends soon grow around this episode of Roman history, in which a strong-willed, brave and ambitious woman for a time stood up to the might of Rome. Here Queen Zenobia appears in profile on one of the rare coins she had minted during her short but ever so powerful reign.

  • Material: Bronze

  • Date: 267-272 AD

  • Dimensions:: 2.4 x 0.2 cm

  • Excavated from: Palmyra- Valley of the tombs.

  • Archaeological Mission: Syrian Archaeological Mission

  • Archeological Museum Of Palmyra – First Floor. (2011)

  • Index Code Plm 0240

Excavation Site Location.


Palmyra’s 3ed Century. Art and lifestyle.

M. Gawlikowski, “Der Neufund eines Mosaiks in Palmyra,” in A. Schmidt-Colinet (ed.) Palmyra: Kulturbegegnung im Grenzbereich (Mainz 2005) 29–31

Photo ref; Credits Syria, land of civilizations (Michel Fortin, Musée de la civilisation (Québec)

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