Located in the Syrian city of Palmyra. The museum’s collections comprise historical artifacts dating primarily from the 2nd and 3rd century AD, a golden age for this desert caravan city, and provide significant insight into the religious and commercial life of the time. Also on display are examples of a decorative style unique to Palmyra in which both Classical and Sassanian elements were mixed with local artistic traditions. The historical city and museum were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.
The museum building has two floors as well as an outdoor sculpture garden. On the first is a large collection of funerary busts, mosaics, as well as a special section for gold and jewelry, pottery and glass works. The second floor displays examples of traditional arts unique to Palmyra as well as those of the Bedouin from the area. There is also a special section for mummies.
The museum’s first floor comprises eight main exhibits with six halls numbered from one to six plus two corridors known as the eastern and the western corridor, respectively.
The museum’s second floor comprises four main halls: the Palmyra mummification hall, the Qaser Al Heir hall, the hall for Palmyrene traditional and contemporary costumes and jewelry and the fourth showcasing a Palmyrene house.
The items in the museum garden have no special classification and most of them carry no identifying tags, except for the few that flank the front entrance.