The Prehistoric Gallery

Located on the museum’s ground floor. The section of Prehistoric arts is a large hall containing numerous samples of human remains and tools form the Stone Age found in the regions of Aleppo, the upper Euphrates river, and the cost. It also contains the oldest civilized human shelter (8500 BC) brought from Mureybet that has been reconstructed and displayed in the museum’s inner opened air courtyard.


Featured Collection

  • Dederiyeh Collection: (Arabic ديدرية) On August 23, 1993 a joint Japan-Syria excavation team discovered fossilized Paleolithic human remains at the Dederiyeh Cave some 400 km north of Damascus. The bones found in this massive cave were those of a Neanderthal child, estimated to have been about two years old, who lived in the Middle Palaeolithic era (ca. 200,000 to 40,000 years ago). Although many Neanderthal bones had been discovered already, this was practically the first time that an almost complete child’s skeleton had been found in its original burial state. The discovery has attracted the attention of researchers across the world.

  • Tell Abr Collection; (Arabic تل العبر) Tell al-‘Abr was excavated in the frame of the salvage excavations carried out during the building of the Teshreen dam on the upper Euphrates valley in the north of Syria. A Syrian team, directed by Hamido Hammade, excavated the site during five seasons between 1989 and 1993. Because of the richness of the results, Tell al-‘Abr could be considered now as an important reference site for the Ubaid period in Syria.

  • Tell Muraibet Collection (Arabicمريبط‎) is a tell, or ancient settlement mound, located on the west bank of the Euphrates in Raqqa Governorate, northern Syria. The site was excavated between 1964 and 1974 and has since disappeared under the rising waters of Lake Assad. Mureybet was occupied between 10,200 and 8,000 BC and is the eponymous type site for the Mureybetian culture, a subdivision of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA). In its early stages, Mureybet was a small village occupied by hunter-gatherers. Hunting was important and crops were first gathered and later cultivated, but they remained wild. During its final stages, domesticated animals were also present at the site.

  • Tell Halula Collection; Tell Halula (Arabic: حالولة) is a large, prehistoricneolithic tell, about 8 hectares (860,000 sq ft) in size, located around 105 kilometres (65 mi) east of Aleppo and 25 kilometres (16 mi) northwest of Membij in the Raqqa Governorate of Syria.[1]

    The tell was first excavated in 1991 by the Spanish Archaeological Mission, directed by Miquel Molist, Professor of Prehistory at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.[2][3] Archaeological trenches have covered an area of approximately 2,500 square metres (27,000 sq ft)

  • Tell Abu Hureyra Collection: Tell Abu Hureyra (Arabicتل أبو هريرة‎) is an archaeological site in the Euphrates valley in modern Syria. The remains of the villages within the tell come from over 4,000 years of pre-ceramic habitation spanning the Epipaleolithic and Neolithic periods. Ancient Abu Hureyra was occupied between 13,000 and 9,000 years ago in radio carbon years. The site is significant because the inhabitants of Abu Hureyra started out as hunter-gatherers, but gradually moved to farming, making them the earliest known farmers in the world.

  • Tell Kashkashuk Collection: (Arabic: كشكشوك) Kashkashuk in the region of Al-Hasakah is a city in Syria – some 327 mi (or 527 km) North-East of Damascus,

  • Habuba Kabira (Arabic: حبوبة كبيرة) is the site of an Uruk settlement along the Euphrates in Syria, Habuba Kabira was built around 4200 BCE on a regular plain with strong defensive walls, but was abandoned after a few generations and never inhabited again. The site is around 18 hectares in area, with the walled area encompassing 10 hectares.

  • More items come from Ugarite (Arabic: أوغاريت) on the Mediterranean near latakia and Jarf Al Ujlah (Arabic: جرف العجلة) Northwest of Palmyra in Jabal Abyad

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