Female figurine


Tell Kashashok (تل كاشكاشوك) is an archaeological site in the Khabur River Valley, of Northern Syria. The site is dated by pottery finds to the latter neolithic era, and early Dynastic era. The site was excavated by the Directorate General of Antiquities of Syria in 1987 and 1988. The Early Dynastic era includes an early adoption of cuneiform.

Many archaeological sites across the Levant region have yielded a significant number of terra cotta figurines depicting women with exaggerated hips and breasts. These figurines provide compelling evidence of the agro-pastoral communities’ strong emphasis on fertility as a vital aspect of their survival. The figurines typically feature the women with their hands clasped beneath their bosom, drawing attention to and accentuating their breasts. This gesture conveys a maternal imagery, emphasizing the nurturing quality of the female body. Some scholars designate these fertility symbols as mother goddesses. Originating in the Near East towards the end of the ninth millennium BC, these representations continued to evolve in various related artistic styles over several millennia.


  • Date: 5000 B CE

  • Material: Terracotta

  • Item Dimensions: 3×5 cm

  • Archaeological Mission:

  • National Museum Of Aleppo (2011) – Museum Number: NATIONAL MUSEUM, ALEPPO 1117/  DEIR EZ ZOR MUSEUM 13542 (90KTY)

  • Index Code: Alp 034/265loc

Excavation Site Location

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