Established in 1919, it is the country’s largest museums in term of the artifact collection. The museum exhibits covers the entire range of Syrian history over a span of over 11 millennia. The museum also has a gallery for the Syrian contemporary art.
National Museum of Palmyra
Located in the Syrian city of Palmyra. The museum’s collections comprise historical artifacts dating primarily from the 2nd and 3rd century AD, a golden age for this desert caravan city, and provide significant insight into the religious and commercial life of the time.
National Museum of Aleppo
The largest museum in the city of Aleppo, and was founded in 1931. The largest sections of the museum are devoted to the Iron Age and the Islamic period. The entrance to the museum is a temple gateway with a female sphinx from the Iron Age (9th century BC) Neo-Hittite settlement of Tell Halaf.
National Museum of as-suwayda
The Museum houses a significant collection which represent the Nabataean art, and the Roman, Byzantine and Arab Islamic period, in addition to a large collection of mosaics considered amongst the largest in the country in term of scale . Displays originally found in the Djabal Al Arab and the Hawran region.
National Museum of Deir ez-Zor
The museum is dedicated to the archaeology and history of northeastern Syria, an area more commonly known as the Jezirah, or Upper Mesopotamia. The museum is located in the city of Deir ez-Zor, It was founded in 1974. Between 1983 and 1996. The exhibition halls cover an area of 1,600 square metres .
National Museum of Tartus
The collection were gathered in the early medieval building of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa. It comprises a significant collection from the late Phoenician nearby site of Amrit as well as many others including fresco works from the medieval fortress of the crack De Chevaliers.
National Museum of Hama
The new museum’s houses a vast collection of archaeological finds from sites in and around Hama, including Hama citadel. A noteworthy exhibit is that of a late fourth century Roman mosaic depicting female musicians playing the organ, originally from Maryamin and many other artifacts dating from both the iron-late Bronze age up till the late Classical and Byzantine era.
National Museum of Idlib
The Idlib Museum is considered one of the most important museums in Syria. It was opened in 1987 and contains a great heritage dating to the 3rd millennium B.C. until the Islamic Golden Age, excavated from archaeological sites, most notably Ebla, Tall Mastumah, and Saraqib.
National Museum of Homs
The museum’s collection is considered relatively smaller than the rest of those in other national museum in the country. The displays comprises a good collection of archaeological findings from the city of Homs and from the brooder region.